• International Conference on Energy Options for Tomorrow: Technology to Sustainability (ICEOT 2017)
  • 17 - 19 April 2017
  • Eco Vista, Kolkata India
  • Organised By: Energy Engineering, The Neotia University

International Conference on Energy Options for Tomorrow: Technology to Sustainability (ICEOT 2017)

Eco Vista | 17 - 19 April 2017 | Kolkata India

Organised By: Energy Engineering, The Neotia University, West Bengal, India


The Neotia University successfully concludes conference on Sustainable Energy

Kolkata, 20th April 2017; From 17-19th April, 2017, “The Neotia University” (TNU) has organized a conference on “Energy Options for Tomorrow: Technology to Sustainability”. During the conference large number of talks were delivered by scientists from Trinity College Dublin, The University of Edinburgh, IISc Bangalore, IITs, etc. In addition to this, top industry persons from India Power Corporation Limited, Adani Power Limited, Vikram Solar Private Limited, Emami Power, as well as, CSIR, MNRE and young scientists discussed relevant issues and most recent research work in this area. Nearly 50 posters and 20 invited talks were presented.

Shri M. K. Narayanan, Former Governor of West Bengal, has inaugurated the conference at Eco Vista, New Town. In his speech, Shri Narayanan highlighted the importance of technology in the lives of human beings and how the society is being impacted by technology. He spoke about the importance of energy in the development of any society. According to him, India which is doing well in using non-conventional energy sources has to do better by training new generation of technocrats and scientists. He congratulated TNU for initiating a unique B.Tech programme in “Energy Engineering”. In the same session, the Vice Chancellor of TNU, Prof. A. S. Kolaskar said, “The new executive order of US President Donald Trump gives immense opportunity to India to play a major role to achieve the goals of Paris Convention. However, India needs to invest in energy research as well as human resource development by changing our current policies.”

The first academic session of the conference had an interesting talk by Mr. Shrirang Karandikar, CEO, India Power Corporation Limited, who pointed out that, as today the mobile telephone user can select the vendor of his choice, user of electricity must have a choice to select an electricity provider. Only then one can expect to get low cost high quality 24x7 power supply. He also mentioned that ASSOCHAM has been lobbying for this and hoping that the new policy of Government of India will include these suggestions. In the same session, Mr. Sandeep Dixit, Head, Adani Power Center for Research and Performance Consulting talked about the impact of renewable energy based electricity generation on the Indian grid. He emphasised the need to create a separate grid for renewable energy based electricity. Professor Kamanio Chattopadhyay, IISc Bangalore, pointed out how the energy scenario is evolving and argued that the figures which have been published about the requirement of energy need to be accepted with a pinch of salt as many advancements are taking place to conserve energy and to reduce losses in distribution. Mr. Ivan Saha, BU Head, Vikram Solar Pvt Ltd, said that his company is competitive in terms of cost and quality of solar panels with grade I companies in China for solar panels. He further pointed out that price of generation of energy from sun is comparable to or lower than conventional thermal electrical power. He mentioned that his company will soon start manufacturing solar cells. Other speakers have also pointed out various advancements in solar cell technologies and reduction in cost.

An absorbing talk was delivered by Mr. Avinash Shirode, Founder, Shirode Associates who spoke on the innovative approach in design of wind mills, particularly about the use of small magnets in large numbers that help in generating electricity from low RPM and low wind velocity. He cited several examples on how wind mills can be used in different shapes and sizes to generate energy from almost anything that moves. Professor Biswajit Basu of Trinity College, Dublin and Professor Joydip Bhattacharjee, Dept of Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture, IIT Kharagpur dealt with electrical power generation from off shore tidal waves.  They described several new approaches to capture tidal wave energy and suggested that India has huge potential to generate energy from offshore tidal waves. Professor Parul Chakrabarti from Bengal Tuberculosis Association said that one can use bacteria to design fuel cells and generate energy. The specific bacteria about which she spoke is called R. ferrireducens.  This bacteria converts more than 80% sugar and thus provides sufficient energy. She has been designing such fuel cells in her laboratory in Kolkata. Among other noted speakers, Dr. G. Giridhar, Deputy Director General & Head, National Institute of Wind Energy, Chennai, spoke on solar resource assessment in India.

The conference also witnessed a panel discussion where the economists, industry captains and academia discussed how to bring down the cost of electricity to the end user without compromising on the quality. It was highlighted that the users today are paying high cost per unit of electrical power though the manufacturer is selling it almost at production cost or even at a loss. The two-three fold more cost to the end user as compared to electrical power generation cost need to be bridged. Towards this, several suggestions were given by the panelists –

  • Better distribution and reduction in loss in the grid
  • Increased grid capacity
  • Not to disrupt base power generating generators such as based on coal, gas etc.
  • To evolve better storage systems

These suggestions were discussed threadbare.

The conference was attended by more than 90 scientists and technocrats from Edinburgh, Dublin and almost all states of India. Nearly 20 academic institutes and 8 different industry representatives participated in the conference. During the conference, 20 lectures, panel discussions, 29 posters and 12 young researchers’ gave oral presentations. Springer Publishers gave Four best Poster awards and one best overall paper presentation award. Each award being 250 Euro in e-books published by Springer. The conference was supported by CSIR, Government of India, India Power Corporation Limited (as Gold Sponsorer), Vikram Solar Private Limited, and Springer among others. The success of the conference proves that private universities like TNU are taking higher education and academics seriously.

We thank CSIR and its ‘Director General’ for financial support to publish conference proceeding consisting of all abstract and nineteen full research papers as submitted by authors.


  • slider1
  • slider2
  • slider3
About ICEOT 2017

In this conference, we are taking the opportunity to offer an overview of most recent advances in different cross sections of energy sector including energy technologies, their applications, and possible solutions to the barriers in the growth of sustainable energy. The conference will also discuss policy matters related to energy. Renowned experts, from all over the world, including from India, will discuss recent innovations made in areas related to energy. The advisory committees have therefore chosen the title of the conference as International Conference on Energy Options for Tomorrow: Technology to Sustainability. This conference will provide ample opportunities for interactions among academia, industry, policy makers and young researchers. The conference will have plenary and invited speakers, oral presentation by selected young researchers, poster sessions and industry presentations.


Invited Speakers

Biswajit Basu
Professor, Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering, Trinity College Dublin
Talk: Dynamics and Control of Offshore Wind Turbines

Abstract: We present some concepts related to dynamics and vibration control of offshore wind turbines in this talk. Fully coupled (aero-hydro-structural) dynamics of spar-type floating offshore wind turbines (S-FOWTs) and methods for mitigating S-FOWTvibrations are discussed.Vibration control is achieved by passive multiple tuned mass dampers (PMTMDs) and by semi-active tuned mass dampers (STMDs). The coupledmodel demonstrates that the vibrations of the blades, nacelle, tower, and spar are coupled in all degrees of freedom and anexample of the 5MW NREL S-FOWT shows significant impact of the blade-nacelle-spar couplings on the nacelle and spar responses. The coupled model captures the effect of waves on nacelle responses whereas the uncoupled model does not. A versatile model for the S-FOWT controlled by two sets of horizontal MTMDs at the nacelle and the spar is developed and an example illustrates that the PMTMDs are effective and robust for mistuning. The STMDs using short-time Fourier transform (STFT) algorithm works effectively even in a worse case when the mooring cable tensions, rotor rotational speed and the stiffness of a blade change. Some aspects of hydrodynamic simulation (using smooth particle hydrodynamics), moorings dynamics of nonlinear cables and potential for joint wind-wave devices (floating power plants) are also presented.


G. Giridhar
Deputy Director General/Head, Solar Radiation Resource Assessment (SRRA), MNRE
Talk: Solar Resource Assessment in India

Abstract: Solar Energy is an inexhaustible source of energy with the most potential is totally free, available free, produces no pollution, no emission, no noise, and no carbon foot print. Availability of solar radiation in India has never been in doubt with some region of India receiving 4-7kWh/m2. Lack of high quality ground   measured solar radiation data in the country was a major issue and the solar industry or the stake holders are  depends on the satellite data with its inherent drawbacks. Implementation of solar power projects in the country suffered heavily due to non-availability of good quality ground measured solar radiation data. Government of India in 2010 initiated a National program for the establishment of a network of Solar Radiation Resource Assessment (SRRA) stations   to fillip the promotion of solar energy in the country. The program envisaged the measurement of high quality and high resolution solar radiation resource data for the benefit of solar industry and solar energy stake holders. One hundred and eighteen (118) high quality solar radiation measurement stations as per BSRN standard were established in covering the entire country. Data collection commenced in 2011 and still continuing. Based on the high quality data collected from the SRRA stations, the Indian Solar Radiation Atlas has been prepared.
Solar Radiation while passing through the atmosphere is attenuated due to selective scattering, absorption, reflection by air molecules, water vapour,dust and other atmospheric constituents. To quantify the site specific attenuation of solar radiation, four numbers of advanced measurement stations with ten independent wavelength channels have been established under the National program at four cardinal locations in the country. Huge volume of Research grade solar radiation data is available in the country under the program for stake holders.


Kamanio Chattopadhyay
Honorary Professor, Department of Materials Engineering
Director (India), Solar Energy Research Institute for India and United States (SERIIUS)
Talk: Evolving scenario for energy: An academician’s perspective

Abstract: Energy is a complex subject. Although it is often equated with electricity, the actual demand goes beyond electricity and any analysis needs to take a holistic view of our energy need and supply.  The present talk will look at evolution of energy demand by human society. Following this we shall focus on present and future scenario that this country and the world are currently facing and will face in future. This by itself is a daunting task as one needs to understand how different country responds in a changing energy scenario. This is inescapable as the world is becoming more globalised. In this talk we shall present the Indian effort in this global perspective and discuss various pathways that are available to us.


J.N. Roy
Visiting Professor, Advanced Technology Development Centre (ATDC) & School of Energy Science & Engineering (SESE), Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Talk: Advances in Solar Photovoltaic Technology

Abstract: The solar power sector continues its rapid growth. Crystalline silicon (c-Si) is the most popular technology for the solar cell. Although the basic technology was available since mid-1950, the advancement of c-Si technology has picked up the pace in last few years. Thin film technology, which provides an alternative solution, has also been demonstrated at manufacturing/product level. This is cheaper to produce but has lower efficiency. At present, the market share for this type of product is low as compared to c-Si but it is expected to pick up. High-efficiency solar cells based on GaAs technology is also in place. More than 40% efficiency has been reported for this technology in the laboratory. This has the highest cost and therefore been used only for tailor-made applications such as "Satellite/space craft" and CPV. There are some new and promising technologies, which are now at research labs, such as DSC, Organic Solar cells, Carbon Nano Tubes (CNT), Quantum Dots (QDs), etc. There is significant progress, particularly in technology, to enhance the efficiency of the c-Si-based solar cell. Cells with an average efficiency of 19% are now routinely manufactured. Further efficiency improvement is achieved with advanced processes such as IBC, MWT, EWT, DP, PERC, PERL, PERT, etc. Advancement is also being made in module manufacturing technology. Technology advancements are also being made to develop and engineer new material and product such as BIPV, lightweight module, etc. Technology development efforts are also concentrated on the Balance of System (BOS) components such as an inverter, battery, charge controller, etc. In this paper, advancement of PV technologies in both cell manufacturing, module manufacturing and BOS are discussed.


Parul Chakrabarti
Acting Director, Bose Institute
Talk: Can Microbial Fuel Cell be a Clean Renewable Energy Source of the Future?

Abstract: Clean and renewable forms of energy are one of the greatest needs of the present day society.
It has been known for many years that microorganism (mainly bacteria) could be used to produce electricity. They can utilise a variety of organic foods for this purpose. Not only organic matter some bacteria can even “breathe and eat electricity” and utilise inorganic matter (iron oxide) to produce electricity.
Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) use bacteria to directly convert organic materials into electrical energy, and it is completely a new method of renewable energy recovery.
Recently, MFCs have been receiving great attention due to their mild operating conditions and use of a variety of substrates as fuel. Some of the important practical applications of MFCs are in breweries, domestic and industrial wastewater treatment, desalination plants, hydrogen production, remote sensing and pollution remediation etc.
A major problem in the application of MFCs is that tiny microorganisms make only a small amount of electricity. Thus MFCs are utilised as a power generator in small devices such as biosensors, batteries, supplemental power or power in developing countries. In 2016, US researchers have been able to generate clean energy from the bacteria-powered solar panel.
Till the technology is developed for increasing power generation, cheap MFC may be a bliss for utilising it as an alternative domestic power by the home users, especially in the developing countries.
Present state of art will be reviewed.

Arnab Kumar Maiti
Senior Faculty Member, MSME - Development Institute, Ministry of MSME

Talk: Prospect of Electric Power Transmission & Distribution Education Institutes in India

Abstract: In general, Energy is defined as " capacity for doing work" & Power is " the rate of doing work". The Electricity sector in India is growing at rapid pace. Training is an organised activity for increasing knowledge and skills of the people for a definite purpose. Trained personnel are the valuable asset of an organisation and are responsible for its progress and stability. A National Training Policy (NTP) for the power sector has been formulated. The Policy emphasises the idea that money spent on training is an investment and not an expenditure and also it highlights the need for planning for training as an integrated Human Resource Management (HRD) activity with a commitment to imparting training for all in the power sector at entry level as well as in-service.
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution is a comprehensive text, designed for undergraduate courses in power systems, transmission and distribution. A part of the electrical engineering curriculum is designed to meet the requirements of students taking elementary courses in electric power transmission and distribution.
As per National Power Training Institute (NPTI) / Center for Advanced Management & Power Studies, an ISO 9001 & ISO 14001 Organization under the Ministry of Power (MoP), Govt. of India, is a National Apex Body for Training & Human Resources Development in Power Sector with its Corporate Office at Faridabad (please check this sentence), the training is required for power industry because it is a multi- disciplinary, highly capital intensive industry.  And because the human element is the most vital input of the Power Sector and Power Generating Stations(PGS), National power training institutes require technically trained manpower for project planning, implementation, erection, commissioning, testing, O & M including transmission & distribution of power.
Among others, the Central Power Research Institute (CPRI), Govt. of India in 1960 was established in Bangalore (H.O). It became an Autonomous Society in the year 1978 under the aegis of the Ministry of Power, Govt. of India. The objective is to serve as a National Laboratory for furthering applied research in electric power engineering besides functioning as an Independent National Testing and Certification Authority ( NTCA) for electrical equipment and aid product development.
In conclusion, Power is basic to National Development & Industrialization, thus making it imperative to have optimum efficiency. Hence, training becomes necessary for personnel at every level in the industry to keep abreast with the rapidly advancing state of the art in the power industry.


Sandeep Dixit
Head, Adani Power Center for Technology, Research & Performance Consulting (APTRI), Adani Power Ltd.
Talk: Modelling the Impact of Renewable Energy based Electricity Generation in Indian Grid

Abstract: The share of electricity from new and renewable sources of energy in the Indian and other national electricity grids is deepening and increasing both in terms of share of RE based Installed Capacity (IC) as well as the share of RE based electrical energy in the grid. The Government of India has announced installation of 175 Gigawatt of Solar & Wind Power by 2022. The addition would impact the peak and energy mix in the grid affecting all stakeholders. The objective of this paper is to highlight the technical and commercial issues surfacing due to grid integration of such stochastic resources like Solar, Wind. The grid dynamics is attributable to the very nature of the RE-based electricity generation capacity. The paper probes into the impact of RE based generation on conventional generating units as well on the grid. The work particularly analyses the RE attributable impact on the cycling of units and proposes parameters and indices, appropriate modifications/additions so as to capture the emerging behaviour of power system attributable to such stochastic nature of sources. The proposed analysis would provide specific inputs to the conventional power plant developers for possible changes in technical specifications that may be taken up with OEMs, as well as to the Grid Management & System Operators a specific set of qualitative and quantitative indices and parameters and that could be used to consolidate the effects of RE presence in the grid. The inclusion of such inputs and metrics and indices would be useful in modelling the intermittency and variability effects relevant to all the stakeholders, designing of appropriate control and coordination of systems, providing insights into regulation and policies and developing preparedness in addressing the issues of variability and intermittency.


Biswajit Ghosh
Professor, School of Energy Studies, Jadavpur University
Talk: Sustainable Energy Technologies: The coming age

Abstract: The concept of sustainable development has entered into our conscience during the last 30 years and energy sectors have the major role to play in this aspect. To power the industrial society, energy resources have to be converted into useful work. In fact, the technical wonders of the modern world, by and large, depend on the handful of what we call the conventional energy conversion technologies, the principle of which has been known for a century or more. In fact, energy technologies have been based primarily on conversion of thermal energy i.e. heat into other forms of energy. The conventional heat engines include two particularly important varieties: the steam power plants for generating electricity and the internal combustion engine for powering the transportation systems in the industrial society.
The conventional heat engines run through the burning of fossil fuels putting two major threats e.g. resource depletion and emission from end products. Thus, for sustenance for this globe, there are efforts in search of clean and safe sources of energy as well as hassle free conversion technologies.
Technology is neither the saint nor the villain. Critical analysis is incompatible with simple technical-fix solutions because all the technological solutions have social consequences. At the same time, a critical approach must regard with equal scepticism a view of technology as a socially malevolent force, where technical advances are seen as self-determining and synonymous with dehumanisation. Thus, technology does, of course, have major effects on society, and the people may be justifiably concerned that in the process of technical development they may lose autonomy and freedom. Advancement of virtual era urged people for completion of the big job within a very small timeframe. This calls for having on-site generating systems for powering the virtual systems. Utilisation of power for a specific period of time has an integral effect on three aspects of the society and these are Economic (E) Development, expenses on Energy (E) and impact on the Environment (E). These three ‘E’s are the most important issues to be solved by the world community for the sustenance of this globe and is termed as 3E-Trilemma. The trilemma is an illustration of the cyclic correlation of Economy, Energy and Environment. Energy is an integral part of this 3-E Trilemma and plays predominating role in sustainable development. All these issues will be discussed in the text of the full paper. 

Shrirang Karandikar
CEO, India Power Corporation Limited
Talk: 24x7 Power- as growth engine to nation

Abstract: We all are working towards 24x7 Power to all citizens. As per GARV app by REC, as on 30th March 2017, 3.30 pm out of total 18453 non-electrified villages, 12954 villages are electrified and balance 4664 villages to be electrified.
Electrifying villages is start of the mission. Ensuring electric power to all citizens 24x7 is a daunting task. This involves all those who are working in Generation, whether conventional or non-conventional,Transmission, distribution, traders, regulators, governments, academicians and of course consumer bodies.
Ensuring networkcontinuity for 24x7 across the nation, automation is utmost essential. We will have to continuously improve on our technologies, manufacture it and deploy it at all the locations. Owing to smaller scale,cost for technology is higher and thus limited. There is large scope to upgrade and use high-end communicable switchgears, SCADA systems, meters in distribution. Technology is required to be adopted for quick start of thermal generation units particularly when non-conventional power is replacing conventional thermal power. Building of adequate transmission corridors which will transfer diverse power both conventional and green power. Power tariff will have to be adjusted so that issues of all the stakeholders are considered.
To achieve 24x7 power supply across the nation we will need skilled manpower and therefore educational institutions, universities have more responsibility. Enhanced Private sector participation will bring more focus on investments and better consumer services. 24x7 power leads to enhanced industrial, agricultural productions and thus helps to improve GDP.


Bijan Kumar Mandal
Professor and Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur
Talk: Use of Biodiesel as Alternative Fuel in CI Engine

Abstract: The expected shortage of mineral diesel in near future and the environmental degradation due to the combustion of fossil fuels have necessitated the search for alternate CI engine fuels. Biodiesels produced from various renewable feedstocks have been identified as prospective alternative fuels for CI engine because of their similarity in physical and chemical properties with those of diesel fuel. Biodiesel can be mixed with petroleum diesel to produce diesel-biodiesel blends and these can be used in vehicles as well as in diesel based generator sets, power tillers and other agricultural power driven machineries. Biodiesel is biodegradable and non-toxic. Several countries such as USA, Germany, France, Italy, Brazil and Indonesia are regularly using biodiesel blended with diesel. Malaysia normally uses palm biodiesel as an alternative to diesel despite the use of palm oil as edible oil also. Soyabean and rapeseed biodiesels are generally used in USA and Europe respectively. Biodiesel from jatropha is popular in India because the wasteland can be used for its cultivation. Generally, the performance of the engine deteriorates to some extent, but a significant improvement in the emission characteristics of the engine is observed with the use of biodiesels as fuels.


Avinash Shirode
Independent Renewables & Environment Professional, Shirode Associates
Talk: Low RPM Low Wind Velocity Aero-generator

Abstract: Nowadays, electric power supply of state electricity board, particularly in rural areas, is very uncertain. There is frequent load shading, interruptions, voltage fluctuation and shutdowns usually  without  any  notice  to  consumers.  This  results  into  stoppage  of  work  and  mental agony. Also, the cost per unit is increasing day by day. Especially, the small households and in agriculture sector, have to suffer a lot due to such uncertain supply of power. In houses and  small  offices /  establishments,  normally,  generator  run  by  petrol  / diesel  / kerosene  is used  to  supply  electricity  when  there  is  no  grid  power.  The  use  of  such  appliance  is  not always satisfactory due to its pollution of smoke, vibrations, noise and maintenance.
To overcome the said problem, inverter and UPS system with large capacity batteries to give sufficient backup (time & wattage) is provided. This arrangement works well for some years even without changing batteries. But, even such an arrangement fails when the batteries do not get sufficiently charged due to scarcity of power.
At present there is no contrivance to overcome these shortcomings of the present situation of solar power and big capacity wind mills. The domestic windmills normally developed and available in market has cut-in speed of 3 m/s and with rated wind speed of 12 m/s. The wind speed available in most of the urban areas is not more than 4-5 m/s and hence the present wind mills are not economically and technically viable to cater the need of normal household
and agriculture requirements. Therefore, there is a dire need for a set of equipment, which will generate just sufficient electrical energy for domestic needs of 1 to 5 kW and that too at a very low wind speed which is mostly available all over the year throughout the world.
The most innovative design of low RPM low wind velocity Aero-generator starts
generation of electricity (charging current) at as low as 0.6 meter per second wind speed and as low as 4 RPM for 12V System. This innovative product harnesses considerably what other windmills loose in the wind speed range of 0.6 m/s to 3 m/s. 

U.P. Singh
Professor, School of Electronics Engineering, KIIT University
Talk: Polycrystalline Thin Film Solar Cell Technologies: Advances Beyond Silicon

Abstract: Today the PV market is dominated by the well-established poly and single crystalline Si products. Polycrystalline thin film technologies offer further cost reduction potential for PV, as well as new product configurations such as light-weight and flexible modules. Thin film solar cells and modules, however, suffer from certain limitations caused by the polycrystalline nature of the semiconductor absorber layers used in the device structures. Manufacturing experience for thin film modules is also rather limited. Despite these difficulties, thin film technologies based on Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) and Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) polycrystalline absorber layers showed great ad-vancement during the last decade. Small area CIGS and CdTe solar cells demonstrated conversion efficiencies of over 22% and 21%, respectively. A world record efficiency of 20.4% on polyimide film has been achieved recently, revealing that flexible solar cells with performance close to rigid solar cells can be developed. The CIGS solar cells may limited by the long term availability of In and CdTe suffered due to the involvement of toxic Cd and the availability of Te. Recently, the world attention has shifted to more environmental friendly and abundant material CZTS (Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide) and it has made a steady progress with time. The main advantage of this cell over CIGS solar cells are low production cost and the replacement of the expensive Indium (In)  by less expensive Tin (Sn) and Zinc (Zn).   The highest efficiency achieved at lab scale for CZTS and CZTSSe is 9.2% and 12.6% respectively. In this presentation the review of the development of polycrystalline thin film PV technologies, their present status and future prospects will be discussed.